The First Crusade was proclaimed in 1095 by Pope Urban II and had an important religious motive: the reconquest of the city of Jerusalem by Christians. Since 1076, Muslims had conquered the holy city and, through military protection, made it difficult for pilgrims to seek one of the most important places where Jesus Christ passed.
Category The story
Alexander III the Great or Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia, son of Emperor Fellipe II of Macedonia and Olympia, princess of Epirus, was born between July 20 and 30, 356 BC, in the Pella region of Babylon. Alexander, conqueror of the Persian Empire, was one of the most important military in the ancient world.
Queen of France (2/11 / 1755-16 / 10/1793). Daughter of Francis I, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Marie Antoinette is born in Vienna. In 1770 marries the heir of the French throne. She becomes queen in 1774 when her husband is crowned King Louis XVI. He tries to stabilize the shaken finances of the kingdom through fiscal and administrative reforms, arousing opposition from the aristocracy.
Spanish naturalized Italian navigator (1454-1512). Responsible for the logistics of Colombo's vessels and pioneer of navigation on the American coast. Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) is born in Florence. He is well educated in Pisa, under the care of a Dominican uncle, and in France, where he deepens his knowledge of geography, astronomy and cosmography.
German politician born in Austria (1889-1945). Led the German bloc during World War II. Adolf Hitler, considered by many to be one of the greatest villains in history, was born on April 20, 1889. His father was named Alois Hitler and was a customs inspector in the city of Braunau, Austria.
Paulista Bandeirante (1628? -1718). Participates in expeditions in search of ores, which give rise to the gold and diamond cycle in seventeenth-century Brazil. Manuel de Borba Gato (1628? -1718) is born in São Paulo and, in his youth, is dedicated to hunting Indians for enslavement. In 1674 he joined the most important expedition of Fernão Dias Pais Leme, his father-in-law, known as an emerald hunter.
Barack Obama, first black president of the United States, elected in November 2008. Barack Hussein Obama Jr. is an American politician, elected president of the United States in November 2008, is the first black to gain command of the country. Barack Hussein Obama Jr. was born in Honolulu, Hawaii on August 4, 1.
Revolutionary Santa Catarina (1821-1849). Known for participating in the Farrapos Uprising and Italy's unification campaign. Ana Maria Ribeiro da Silva (1821-4 / 8/1849) is born in the city of Laguna, currently Morrinhos, daughter of a humble family. Married to a shoemaker, she falls in love with the Italian Giuseppe Garibaldi, who fights in the Farrapos Uprising.
Fluminense politician and historian (1845-1912). It is one of the most influential personalities of the country during the Empire and early Republic. José Maria da Silva Paranhos Junior (20/4 / 1845-9 / 2/1912) is born in the city of Rio de Janeiro, son of the Viscount of Rio Branco, a politician of renown in the Empire. Graduated in law in Recife.
"As many as my letter of power comes, I know that I send it to Martim Afonso de Souza from my advice as Captain-General of the fleet that I send to the land of Brazil and thus of all the lands he finds and discovers (…) to the captains of the said armada, and nobles, knights, squires, people of arms, pilots, masters, seafarers and all the other people that there is to said Martim Afonso de Souza for captain of the said armada and lands and obey him in everything and for everything you send them.
Pernambuco poet (19/4 / 1886-13 / 10/1968). Born in Recife, Manuel Carneiro de Sousa Bandeira Filho is one of the great names of modern Brazilian poetry. Attends high school in Rio de Janeiro and starts engineering at the Polytechnic School of São Paulo. Discontinues studies in 1904 because of tuberculosis.
Scientist, feminist leader and Paulista politician (1894-1976). It is one of the pioneers of the struggle for women's vote and for equal rights between men and women in the country. Berta Maria Julia Lutz (2/8 / 1894-16 / 9/1976) is born in the city of São Paulo, daughter of the scientist Adolfo Lutz. Graduated in natural sciences from the University of Paris, the Sorbonne, specializing in anuran amphibians, a subclass that includes frogs, frogs and tree frogs.
Portuguese navigator, born in Belmonte, in 1467 or 1468, son of the chief mayor of that locality. At about 10 years old went to court. He married a niece of Afonso de Albuquerque. It is known that D. João II granted him a presence, although the reasons are ignored. After Vasco da Gama's return from India in 1499, Pedro Álvares Cabral is appointed commander of a fleet of thirteen ships leaving in March 1500 for India.
Indian religious of Albanian origin (27/8 / 1910-5 / 9/1997). The 1979 Nobel Peace Prize for her work of solidarity with the poor and sick was called in life the "saint of the helpless." She is born in Skopje, today the capital of Macedonia, the daughter of a prosperous Albanian merchant by the name of Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu.
Military of Rio de Janeiro (1803-1880). He headed the Brazilian forces in the Paraguayan War and received from the emperor Dom Pedro II the greatest title of nobility given to a Brazilian. Luís Alves de Lima e Silva (25/8 / 1803-7 / 5/1880) is born in Vila do Porto da Estrela, in a military family. He is declared a cadet at 5 years old.
French religious leader (1509-1564). A leading Protestant Reformation theologian, he imposed austere and Puritan habits on his followers. Like Luther, Calvin was also of great importance in the so-called Protestant Reformation. He was born in Noyon, France, and studied Latin in Paris and Law in Orleans, where he became interested in theology and Bible study.
Queen of Portugal and honorary empress of Brazil (1775-1830). It is considered one of the main political articulators of the Portuguese kingdom. Carlota Joaquina de Bourbon (22/4 / 1775-7 / 1/1830) is born at the Aranjuez Palace in Spain. Daughter of the Spanish king Carlos VI, he marries the crown prince of Portugal as a girl - she, 10, he, 16.
Eastern philosopher (563-483 BC). He left his palace family and wealth to meditate and create one of the most important Eastern religions. Among the world's major religions with the largest number of followers, two (Judaism and Hinduism) have roots in antiquity and therefore have no specific founder.
A warrior for most of his life, Bento Gonçalves da Silva died in bed. Freemason and defender of liberal ideas, for which he fought during the almost ten years of the Farroupilha Revolution, saw, at the end of his effort, the victory of the central power. President of a republic, lived most of his life in an empire.
Paraíba journalist and politician (1892-1968). Owner of the first major network of communication companies in the country, one of the most influential personalities of the country in the 40's and 50's. Francisco de Assis Chateaubriand Flag of Melo (5/10 / 1892-4 / 4/1968) born in Umbuzeiro and formed in law in Recife (PE).
Military of Ceará (1897-1967). First President of the Republic of the Military Regime of 1964. Humberto de Alencar de Castello Branco (20/9 / 1897-18 / 7/1967) is born in Fortaleza, son of a military man, and goes to the city of Mecejana with his family soon after. . He spends his childhood and youth between Recife, in Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, then Federal District, Teresina, Piauí, and São Luís do Maranhão, following his father's transfers.